Answer:

Climate Zones

Climate zones are large areas of the world that have similar climates. The climate of a region is determined by a variety of factors, including latitude, altitude, and proximity to bodies of water. The most commonly used climate map was developed by Wladimir Köppen in 1900 and is known as the Köppen climate classification system.

Climate Zone Types

The Köppen climate classification system categorizes climate zones into five main types: tropical, dry, temperate, continental, and polar. Each type is further divided into smaller categories based on the specific climate of the region.

Tropical Climates

Tropical climates are found near the equator and have warm temperatures and high humidity year-round. These climates tend to have abundant rainfall and can be further divided into wet, dry, and monsoon types.

Dry Climates

Dry climates are found in areas that receive little rainfall and have lower humidity levels. These climates are typically found in desert regions and can be further divided into semi-arid, arid, and cold desert types.

Temperate Climates

Temperate climates are found in the mid-latitudes and have seasonal temperature variations. These climates tend to have moderate rainfall and can be further divided into humid continental, dry summer, and humid subtropical types.

Continental Climates

Continental climates are found in the interior regions of large land masses and have large seasonal temperature variations. These climates tend to have low rainfall and can be further divided into warm summer and cold winter types.

Polar Climates

Polar climates are found in the polar regions and have very cold temperatures year-round. These climates tend to have very low rainfall and can be further divided into tundra and ice cap types.

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