Answer:

Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis

Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis are two species of the Homo genus. Homo sapiens are modern humans, while Homo neanderthalensis are an extinct species of humans that lived during the Pleistocene Epoch. They are believed to have diverged from a common ancestor about 500,000 years ago.

Differences between Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis

Homo sapiens are the only surviving species of the Homo genus, while Homo neanderthalensis went extinct approximately 40,000 years ago. Homo sapiens are taller and have a more slender physique than Homo neanderthalensis. Homo sapiens have larger brains and more sophisticated tools than Homo neanderthalensis. Homo sapiens also have a less robust skeletal structure than Homo neanderthalensis.

Similarities between Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis

Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis share many similarities. They both have the same basic body plan, bipedal locomotion, and large brains. They also both have a wide range of tools and weapons.

Interaction between Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis

Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis are believed to have interacted with one another. There is evidence of interbreeding between the two species, as well as cultural exchange.

Related Questions

  • Where did Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis diverge from a common ancestor?
  • What are the differences between Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis?
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  • What evidence is there of interaction between Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis?
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