When aqueous ethanol is mixed with aqueous hydrochloric acid, the product is a yellowish-brown solution of ethyl chloride. Ethyl chloride is an alkyl halide, a type of organic compound, and is also an ether. The yellowish-brown color of the solution is due to the presence of ethyl chloride in it. Ethanol itself is colorless, while hydrochloric acid is a clear, colorless liquid.
The reaction between ethanol and acid involves the formation of ethyl chloride and water. Ethanol reacts with hydrochloric acid to form ethyl chloride and water. The reaction can be represented as follows:
- C2H5OH + HCl → C2H5Cl + H2O
The product of the reaction between ethanol and hydrochloric acid is ethyl chloride, which is an alkyl halide. It is also known as chloroethane. The other product is water. The reaction is exothermic, which means that it releases heat energy.
Ethyl chloride has a variety of uses. It can be used as a solvent in the production of pharmaceuticals, as a refrigerant, and as a propellant in aerosols. It is also used as a starting material in the production of other compounds, such as ethylene and vinyl chloride.
- What is the chemical formula of ethanol?
- What is the reaction between ethanol and hydrochloric acid?
- What are the products of the reaction between ethanol and hydrochloric acid?
- What is ethyl chloride used for?
- How can you tell if a solution is made of ethanol and hydrochloric acid?
- What are the properties of ethanol?
- What happens when ethanol and hydrochloric acid are mixed?
- What type of reaction is the reaction between ethanol and hydrochloric acid?
- What color is the solution of ethanol and hydrochloric acid?
- What are some other uses of ethyl chloride?