The management of an organization is the process of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling the resources of that organization in order to achieve its goals. Administration generally refers to the higher levels of management, typically comprising those who have decision-making authority and responsibility for overall performance. In contrast, operational management is concerned with carrying out the day-to-day activities of the organization.
Organizations can be administered in a variety of ways. The most common type of administration is hierarchical, in which there is a clear chain of command and authority runs from the top down. This type of administration is often seen in military organizations and large corporations. Another type of administration is known as flat or decentralized, in which there is less hierarchy and authority is more distributed. This type of administration is often seen in smaller organizations, such as start-ups.
Administration involves a variety of management functions, including planning, decision-making, problem-solving, communication, and coordination. Effective administration requires the ability to think strategically and globally, as well as the ability to execute tactically and locally. It also requires a deep understanding of the organization’s goals, mission, and values, as well as the people and resources that make up the organization.